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ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research InstituteICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Near Pahuj Dam, Gwalior Road, Jhansi - 284 003 (UP) India
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  0510-2730666, 2730158
  FAX: 0510-2730833
  Activities & Achivements
Plant Animal Relationship / Activities & Achivements
Forage quality evaluation
Genetically improved varieties of Berseem, Oat, Cowpea, Guar, Dolichos labab and Grasses have been nutritionally evaluated through in vitro/in vivo trials for the release of quality new forage varieties
Development of sustainable forage livestock production systems
Ecologically and economically sustainable feeding system have been developed depending upon the type of animals, species, level and stages of physiological production etc.

Optimization of forage supplementation in diets of animals by mixing of green forages and cereal straws/ stovers in a ratio of 40-60: 60-40 (on DM basis)
Screening of anti-nutritional factors and contaminants in feeds and forages
Screening and identification of secondary metabolites like total phenolics and proanthocyanidines have been made in different range shrubs and top feeds. Hence, these range shrubs/ top feeds can be exploited judiciously in the ration of small ruminants for economic goats and sheep rearing.
Improvement/enrichment of low grade roughages
Enrichment of wheat straw / dry mixed grass/ sorghum stovers with 4% urea improved their feeding value for growing lactating animals. The urea treated straw can reduce the concentrate requirement by 25-30 % without affecting the milk yield and health. Mechanization of urea treatment of wheat straw during threshing has been developed.
Forage conservation:
Sorghum stover-oat silage –a good source of quality fodder in summer for higher intake and production in dairy animals.
Organic milk production:
Indigenous breeds of cattle viz. Tharparkar, Sahiwal and Gir has been raised solely on farm produced feeds and fodder following organic agronomic practices. Thus production of safe milk is going on with sustainable use of natural resources.
Stylo meal as concentrate replacer in ruminant’s diet:
Indigenous breeds of cattle viz. Tharparkar, Sahiwal and Gir has been raised solely on farm produced feeds and fodder following organic agronomic practices. Thus production of safe milk is going on with sustainable use of natural resources.
Complete feed block
Densification in the form of Complete feed block in combination with concentrate mixture significantly increase the bulk density (200-544 kg/m3), reduce storage space by 3-8 times depending upon the chaff length. Complete feed blocks feeding increased live weight gain (35 %) and milk yield (14-15%).
Grazing management practices and strategic supplements
Strategic supplements can be used for grazing goats, possessed by resource poor farmers. By investing Rs 100 in berseem forage and concentrate supplementation farmers will gain (net) around Rs 110 and 125, respectively.
Supplementation of area specific mineral mixture in dairy animals
Area-specific mineral mixture for improvement in productive (19% more milk yield) and reproductive performances (64.7% of anoestrus cows showed estrus and 90.9% of them conceived).
Database on methane emission from Indian livestock
Enteric CH4 emission estimation was made from feeding systems (diets) for different animal functions prevailing in different agro ecological regions (AERs) of India using livestock population 2003. Methane emission was higher from AER6 (1.57) and AER7 (1.56) and lowest from AER 10 (0.0 6 Tg). Total methane emission from Indian livestock was 9.10 Tg. CH4 form enteric fermentation where contribution of indigenous cattle, crossbred cattle, buffaloes, goat and sheep was 46.0, 6.46, 41.40, 3.20 and 2.10% respectively.
Database on crop residue availability
The straw to grain ratio, worked out from the plant samples of major cereal crops (wheat, rice, sorghum, maize, bajra, barley) collected across the country, showed significant regional variation in grain: straw ratios. Straw availability from wheat, rice and sorghum was estimated to be around 104, 115 and 9.5 million tones respectively in the country.
Conservation and improvement of Bhadawari Buffaloes
Network Project on improvement and conservation of Bhadawari buffaloes was started in the year 2001. Lactation milk yield of 1450 kg in a lactation having 8.17 % milk fat has been achieved. Improved Bhadawari bulls as well as frozen semen are being supplied to various agencies and farmers for breed improvement. Artificial insemination using Bhadawari semen is in progress in Bhadawari breeding tract.
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