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ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research InstituteICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Near Pahuj Dam, Gwalior Road, Jhansi - 284 003 (UP) India
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  Technology- IX: Fodder production in mango orchards  
In Karnataka, the common mango planting distance followed is 10 m by 10 m giving minimum 7-8 m inter space for introducing fodder crops. Karnataka has an estimated 90,000 ha in prime fruiting mango crop which if put under fodder crops (Bajra Napier Hybrid, Guinea, Perennial fodder sorghum) is estimated to produce 39.5 lakh tons of green fodder in a year meeting more than 7 lakh livestock’s green fodder requirement round the year.
States suitable for adoption
Mango (prime fruiting stage, above 4 years) based farming system in Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra-Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar
Cost of production and returns (Per ha):
Irrigated system with propagation by rootslips Cost: Rs.29400.00 Returns: Rs. 175200.00 Rainfed system with propagation by seeds Cost: Rs.12500 Returns: Rs.72000

Targeted farmers:
All categories of mango growers

Minimum number of days for which fodder will be available:
Irrigated system: 240 days Rainfed system: 90 days

Possibility of seed production and quantity:
Irrigated system: Rootslips multiplication is possible. Upto 390000/ha Rainfed system: Seed production is possible. 70 to 80 kg/ha
It can provide green fodder of 146 t/ha/year with the gross value of Rs.175200=00 in irrigated condition. Besides it results in indirect economic benefits like saving cost of feed by 47%, increase in milk yield by 0.93 litres/ACU and labour saving by 0.91 mandays. Till now 28 ha (70.07 acre) area has been covered and 84 farmers are benefitted. Lesson learnt from this success story is being replicated in other fruits and plantation crops like sapota, coconut, areca nut in Karnataka state from June 2016.
Estimated expenditure per demonstration :
  • Unit of demonstration: Acre
  • Cost of demonstration:
  • Irrigated system: Rs.9760/acre
  • Rainfed system: Rs.3000/acre

Package of Practices
Crop varieties used:
Bajra Napier Hybrid (var DHN-6), Guinea (var BG-1 and BG-2), Perennial fodder sorghum (CoFS-29), Cowpea (BL-1 and BL-2)
Source of planting material and seeds:
Planting material /Seeds required:
20000 rootslips per ha (Bajra Napier hybrid and Guinea) Seeds: 8 to 10 kg/ha (Perennial fodder sorghum)
Time of sowing/planting:
Monsoon season is best. If irrigation is present any time of the year except peak winters
Planting of grasses 1.5 m away from main crop (Mango); 60 cm X 60 cm row to row and plant to plant For seeds: 45 cm row to row and 10 cm from plant to plant
Fertilizer application (ha):
FYM: 5 tons per ha, NPK 100:70:45; after every 2 cuts, 50 kg nitrogen under irrigated condition. For rainfed system 5 tons FYM.
First inter-cultivation after 20 to 25 days of planting, later after every two cuts
In winter once in every 15 days; in summer once in 10 days
First cutting after 60 to 70 days of planting/sowing; subsequent cuts for every 40 to 45 days. First year 5 cuts and in subsequent years 6 cuts/year in irrigated condition. In rainfed 3 cuts in a year
Green fodder yield:
80 to 100 tons per ha in rain fed condition; 180 to 220 tons/ha in irrigated conditions

Promising drought tolerating varieties of grasses and cultivated fodder

Sorghum Bajra Maize Oat Cowpea Guar Sem NB hybrid Dinanath grass Sudan grass Guinea grass Anjan grass Motha dhaman grass Black spear grass
Pusa Chari-1, CO-27, SSG 59-3 (Meethi Sudan), CSH-20MF (UPMCH- 1101), PAC 981, CSV–15 Avika Bajra Chari (AVKB-19), Raj Bajra Chari-2, CO-8, APFB-2, PCB-164 Pratap Makka Chari 6 FOS-1/29, Bundel Jai-822, Bundel Jai 992 (JHO 99-2), JHO-2009-1 Bundel Lobia-1, Bundel Lobia-2 , S 450 Durgajay, Durgapura Safed, HFG-119, Bundel Guar- 1, Bundel Guar- 2, Bundel Guar- 3 Bundel Sem-1 CO-1, NB-37 Bundel-1, Bundel-2, COD-1 Meethi Sudan, Sweet Sudan Grass, Punjab Sudex Chari-1 (LY-250) Bundel Guinea-1 (JHGG-96-5), Bundel Guinea-2 (JHGG 04 –01) Bundel Anjan-1, CO-1 , Bundel Anjan-3 CAZRI-76, Marwar Dhaman (CAZRI-175) Bundel Lampa Ghas -1
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