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ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research InstituteICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Near Pahuj Dam, Gwalior Road, Jhansi - 284 003 (UP) India
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  0510-2730666, 2730158
0510-2730385
  FAX: 0510-2730833
Director.igfri@icar.gov.in
igfri.director@gmail.com
 
     
  Technology- II : Round the year fodder production system (Rainfed situation)  
 
 
 
 
Dimension:
The Institute has developed Subabul + Trispecific hybrid - Fodder sorghum + Pigeonpea based fodder production system for rainfed conditions. In this system, the Pennisetum Trispecific Hybrid (TSH) is planted in paired rows at 0.75 m x 0.5 m spacing. Subabul is planted at 50 cm plant to plant spacing in between pairs of TSH. The 3 m space between such two alleys is utilized for fodder sorghum + pigeonpea cropping system in 2:1 ratio at 30 cm.
 
   
Target area:
Rainfed farmers of semi arid region (up to 500 mm rainfall)
   
Impact:
This system has green fodder production potential of 53.3 t/ha and 13.28 t dry fodder besides producing 0.4 t/ha pigeon pea grain and 0.8 t/ha dry sticks having fuel value. Technology can sustain 2-3 ACUs with quality fodder. It also provides nutrient rich pulse for human consumption and fuel wood. It is also capable of prolonging the fodder availability up to May (dry period)

States suitable for adoption of this technology:
Maharastra, Karnataka, Punjab, Haryana, AP, Telangana,UP, MP, Gujrat, Bihar, Jhankhand, Odisa CG, West Bengal

Crops (Varieties):
Pennisetum trispecific hybrid + leucaena (K-8) Fodder sorghum (PC 6 & 9) + Pigeonpea (Bahar, BDN 708, Vipla)

Sowing/ planting time:
Pennisetum trispecific hybrid + leucaena (K-8): July- August and Mid February – March Fodder sorghum + Pigeonpea: June - July
 
Seed rate and spacing (cm)
TSH should be planted at 75 cm spaced in paired row; one row of Leucaena is planted 50 cm away from TSH followed by another set of TSH grass, each set is planted at 3.0 m spacing and 12000- 15000/ha rooted slips of TSH planted and 1.5- 2.0 kg leucaena seed required and due to perennial in nature, up to 4-5 years there is no need of further planting and only gap filling and tussock dressing is required Fodder sorghum + Pigeonpea: 12-14 kg Sorghum +1.5-2.0 kg pigeon pea in 30 cm apart lines (in 3.0 m wide alleys)
 
Seed Production
The centre has been assigned the responsibility of TFL and Breeder seed production of range grasses and fodder crops. 20.8 t seed of Cenchrus grass, 1.1 t of pearl millet and 0.8 t of clusterbean TFL seed has been produced and supplied to different organizations. The station has also produced 2.412 t breeder seed against the indent of 1.835 t of clusterbean and pearl millet varieties.
 
No. of irrigations:
Not Applicable

Harvesting schedule
Seventy FTDs during Kharif on pearl millet, Sorghum and clusterbean and 32 FTDs during Rabi on oats, Lucerne and Berseem were conducted which covered 90 farmers and 72 villages in four districts of Rajasthan.
 
Per ha/ per unit cost of production and returns:
Cost of production Rs 38 per quintal green fodder and Net return Rs 52500 per ha with BC ratio of 2.59.

Targeted farmers:
Small and Medium
 
Days for which fodder will be available :
In north India 275 days and in south India whole year.

Possibility of seed production and quantity:
Pigeon pea 4.0 q/ha and 2nd year onward 50,000 rooted slips of TSH
 
Estimated expenditure per demonstration (Specify the unit area of demonstration):
Rs 5000 per 0.20 ha demonstration

Availability of planting material for supply:
  • ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi-284003
  • Centers of AICRP on forage crops in different SAUs and ICAR Institutes.
  • Central and State Agriculture Universities
Other sources like KVKs, BAIF, etc.
     
   
     
 
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